NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF UNSTEADY GASDYNAMIC PROCESSES AT THE LAUNCH OF SOLID-PROPELLANT ROCKETS
ЧИСЛЕННОЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЕ НЕСТАЦИОНАРНЫХ ГАЗОДИНАМИЧЕСКИХ ПРОЦЕССОВ ПРИ СТАРТЕ ТВЕРДОТОПЛИВНЫХ РАКЕТ

Kirill V. KOSTYUSHIN, Research Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics of Tomsk State University (Tomsk, Russian Federation)
2020 Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta Matematika i mekhanika  
The paper presents the results of the methodology developed for calculating unsteady gasdynamic processes occurring at the launch of missiles, in the gas-dynamic paths of rocket engines, and in the external regions. The method accounts for the variation in the geometry of the solidpropellant charge in the course of solid-propellant rocket engine operation and in the geometry of the computational domain at the rocket launch. The analysis of the unsteady force impact of the supersonic jet on the
more » ... ersonic jet on the launch surface is carried out. It is shown that the maximum force action is located in the vicinity of the Mach disks of the unperturbed jet. Numerical studies of gasdynamic processes at the launch of a model solid-propellant booster rocket are implemented including the case when the nozzle plug opening is taken into account. The contribution of the thrust force components at the stage of bootstrap operation is assessed. The presence of the plug at the initial stage of the engine start leads to an abrupt change in the thrust and minor fluctuations, which are damped as the pressure in the combustion chamber rises.
doi:10.17223/19988621/67/12 fatcat:ahcq4s66crapjk7l3e6q4fs5ty