Video Compression Using Generalized Binary Partitioning, Trellis Coded Quantization, Perceptually Optimized Encoding, and Advanced Prediction and Transform Coding

J. Pfaff, H. Schwarz, D. Marpe, B. Bross, S. De-Luxan-Hernandez, P. Helle, C. R. Helmrich, T. Hinz, W. Q. Lim, J. Ma, T. Nguyen, J. Rasch (+6 others)
2019 IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology (Print)  
In this paper, we describe a video coding design that enables a higher coding efficiency than the HEVC standard. The proposed video codec follows the design of block-based hybrid video coding, but includes a number of advanced coding tools. A part of the incorporated advanced concepts was developed by the Joint Video Exploration Team, while others are newly proposed. The key aspects of these newly proposed tools are the following. A video frame is subdivided into rectangles of variable size
more » ... f variable size using a binary partitioning with variable split ratios. Three new approaches for generating spatial intra prediction signals are supported: A line-wise application of conventional intra prediction modes, coupled with a mode-dependent processing order, a region-based template matching prediction method and intra prediction modes based on neural networks. For motion-compensated prediction, a multi-hypothesis mode with more than two motion hypotheses can be used. In transform coding, mode dependent combinations of primary and secondary transforms are applied. Moreover, scalar quantization is replaced by trellis-coded quantization and the entropy coding of the quantized transform coefficients is improved. The intra and inter prediction signals can be filtered using an edge-preserving diffusion filter or a non-linear DCT-based thresholding operation. The video codec includes an adaptive in-loop filter for which one of three classifiers can be chosen on a picture basis. We also incorporated an optional encoder control, which adjusts the quantization parameters based on a perceptually motivated distortion measure. In a random access scenario, our proposed video codec achieves luma BD-rate savings between 32.5% for HDR HLG UHD and 39.6% for SDR UHD over the HEVC (HM software) anchor for different categories of test sequences. Index Terms-Video compression, video coding, High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC).
doi:10.1109/tcsvt.2019.2945918 fatcat:6irfqx56aff4lph65eiv34p7ca