By Motor Car to the South Pole

J. S. Dunnet
1907 Scientific American  
will make another attempt to reach the South Pole, leaving New Zealand in January for that purpose. The party of twelve will embark in a ten·knot f;t.eamer, not specially built to resist the ice packs, for she will return to New Zealand as soon as she has landed the expedition, with a liberal quantity of �upplies. After wintering at a convenient spot, the work of exploration proper will begin during the following October. The expedition will be divided into three sections. One will travel
more » ... rd, and cross the barrier in the hope of reaching the area known as Edward the Seventh's land, and follow the coast line southward, retracing its steps when neces sary. The second detachment will strike south over the same route followed by the "Discovery's" sledge party in 18 92. The third will go in a westerly direc tiOL over the mountains toward the magnetic pole. Each party will be equipped with a motor car, spe cially built for the purpose. The sledges containing provisions and paraphernalia will be hitched to the car. As a stand· by, Siberian ponies will be used in stead of dogs, as employed in the 1901·4 expedition. It is claimed that these animals will easily drag a load of 1,800 pounds on a food basis of 10 pounds per day, while a dog will only conveniently shift a load of 100 pounds on a 2-pound per day ration. Thus one pony will equal as a carrier 18 dogs at less than one·third the aggregate food allowance. Besides that, the pony can comfortably sledge a distance of 20 to 25 miles a day on a pinch, a thing the dog has never been able to do. lt is expected by Shackleton that the party will be able to cover up to 25 miles per day. If the motor car aid reaches his expectations, he feels sure he will be able to get beyond latitude 82 deg. south. At
doi:10.1038/scientificamerican10191907-278 fatcat:jfxl6djo2jcrpfytx43f3alsdy