The third trophic level of plant defence: neotropical social wasps' use of odours of freshly damaged leaves when hunting

Anthony Raw
1998 Revista Brasileira de Zoologia  
An important aspect of the hunting strategy of neotropical social wasps (I-Iymenoplera: Vespidae) is where thcy hunt. Three species used two behavioural components in their se lection ofa pl ace 10 search for prey. The wasps utili zed lhe odom of (j'eshly damaged leaves as cues (which could be synomones) to se lecl which leaves to inspect and also they remembered a place to which they were strongly attracted to hunt recenlly and relurned lhcre. Polybia igl10bilis ( Haliday, 1836) and Polistes
more » ... tan Bequaert, 1940 hunted on a lawn of Digitaria diversinervis Stapf immediately after iI was mow n in signiticantly larger numbers tha n aI other times. P. ignobilis and Polistes versicolor (O livier, 1791) hunted in significantly greater numbers on frcshly CUl leaves of passion vine (Passiflora edulis Sims) than on uncut leaves. Sometimes wasps ins pected cards rubbed with freshly crushed leaves of P. edulis, bul not control cards.
doi:10.1590/s0101-81751998000400025 fatcat:32ba6e2a4ndnjavtwxifapkhhe