Axle Configuration and Weight Sensing for Moving Vehicles on Bridges Based on the Clustering and Gradient Method

Wei He, Xiaodong Liang, Lu Deng, Xuan Kong, Hong Xie
2021 Remote Sensing  
Traffic information, including vehicle weight and axle spacing, is vital for bridge safety. The bridge weigh-in-motion (BWIM) system remotely estimates the axle weights of moving vehicles using the response measured from instrumented bridges. It has been proved more accurate and durable than the traditional pavement-based method. However, the main drawback of conventional BWIM algorithms is that they can only identify the axle weight and the information of axle configuration (the number of
more » ... and axle spacing) is required to be determined using an extra device in advance of the weight identification procedure. Namely, dedicated sensors (pressure-sensitive sensors placed on the deck surface or under the soffit of a bridge) in addition to weighing sensors must be adopted for identifying the axle configuration, which significantly decreases the utility, feasibility, and economic efficiency of BWIM technology. In this study, a new iterative procedure simultaneously identifying axle spacing as well as axle weights and gross weights of vehicles is proposed. The novel method is based on k-means clustering and the gradient descent method. In this method, both the axle weight and the axle location are obtained by using the same global response of bridges; thus the axle detectors are no longer required, which makes it economical and easier to be implemented. Furthermore, the proposed optimization method has good computational efficiency and thus is practical for real-time application. Comprehensive numerical simulations and laboratory experiments based on scaled vehicle and bridge models were conducted to verify the proposed method. The identification results show that the proposed method has good accuracy and high computational efficiency in axle spacing and axle weight identification.
doi:10.3390/rs13173477 fatcat:qdkgw7whhraz5byyiunyetxyzq