A Manual of Immunity

1913 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)  
In preparing a new edition of this work, well known to the specialist in America, the author adheres to his original purpose of offering to the practitioner and student a text essentially practical. Hence the clinical and practical characters of the book have been retained, as having proved in previous editions useful toward securing the object aimed at. Thus the various divisions of the subject have been arranged in a natural order, from a clinical point of view, first dealing with the
more » ... ng with the history, then with the physical examination, then with diseases of the external genitalia, diseases of the vagina, of the uterus, etc. Numerous cases are detailed to illustrate points when emphasis is desired. Many of the chapters have been rewritten in part, much new matter being added, and the entire work has undergone revision. A full description of Wertheim's radical hysterectomy for carcinoma of the uterus has been added to the chapter on cancer. The section devoted to fibroid tumors has been largely amplified, The illustrations are profuse ¡nul serve the purpose of illuminating the text, The piales in black and white and those m three colors are particularly helpful, bul the microphotographs, (hough abundant, disclose the fault usually found in such pictures, a hiss of definition ill the reproduction. This is an enlarged edition of the-work published by the same author in 1906. The old matter has been changed, and several new chapters have been added. Among these may be mentioned two chapters on the affections of the colon and sigmoid, in which no mention is made of diverticulitis of the colou or of the sigmoid, a condition which is by no means rare. Under treatment of prolapse of the rectum the bad effects of the injection of paraffin are shown and two cases reported, one of which resulted fatally two years after the first injection. The use of paraffin in this way is properly condemned. More useful and practical points are mentioned in connection with the minor affections of the anus and lower rectum than in the more serious troubles higher up, which are discussed less satisfactorily by the author. Studien \l=u"\ber Darmtragheit (Stuhlvers'topfung) [ill]HREFol gen UND [ill]HRE Behandlung Probably no section of the diseases of the digestive tract is of more importance than the disorders that go under the common designation of constipation, and there seems to be no field of medicine in which superficial views and practices are more common. The author has endeavored to base his advice on the considerations of etiology and a thorough study of the funetions involved. The work gives many valuable hints and will repay careful reading. Gyna \l=a"\kologisches This small volume serves admirably the purpose for which it is so frankly published, that of a pocket text-book for the student who wants his information in a nutshell. While thus boiled down to a statement of facts, it is surprising how much argument is introduced. An example of this is seen in the few pages devoted to the pessary in the treatment of retroflexio uteri. The volume is a text on gynecology in miniature, and as a result is neither complete nor discursive. Food In Health and Disease. This book is a well-balanced and sensible discussion of the value of food in health and disease. While not unduly brief, it is as concise as is compatible with thoroughness, It is divided into two main parts; in Part I. general principles of diet and diet in health (thirteen chapters) are considered, and in Part II, diet in disease (twelve chapters). The views expressed are sound and based on the most modern conceptions of chemistry and physiology. In Part I, for instance, the author's familiarity with the most recent scientific investigations is shown by his use of the thorough and revolutionary work of Mattill and Hawk on water-drinking and metabolism, and by his discussion of beef extracts and bouillons, the real value of which, as he points out may be lost by improper manufacture. His sound, common-sense judgment is shown in his treatment of such subjects as mineral waters, alcohol and milk preparations. The benefits ascribed to mineral waters the author regards ¡is doc chiefly to chango of diet, outdoor exercise and freedom from home cares. Although lie regards alcohol as of value in sonic eases. he points out that usually ils benefits are outweighed by the damage it does to the system. The author's unbiased discus¬ sion of milk modified as kefir or koumiss is refreshing after the exaggerated ami glowing claims of the manufacturers of various proprietary lactic acid preparations, Part II. dealing with diet in disease, shows the same sane ¡uni scientific attitude us ihe flrst. The author calls attention to the causes of diseases, especially in relation to diet and metabolism, and gives the proper diet for each disease dis¬ cussed. The lext is amply supplemented by tables and recent statistics mi dietetics ¡nul metabolism. This little work gives a plain account of the facts and theories of immunity that will be welcome to the reader who comes to its perusal without any previous knowledge of the subject. A brief historical review is given and then the parts played by the body fluids, by the cells, and by the invading microorganism in the production of immunity are described and discussed. The rest of the book is divided into chapters dealing with the therapeutic uses and diagnostic applications of immunity reactions. Other chapters deal with anaphylaxis, the side-chain theory and chemotherapy, the latter including Wassermann's experiments in the destruction of malignant tumors. The explanations given are clear and the directions are practical. We have no doubt that this little manual will prove useful to many who have had difficulty in grasping what must be recognized as a somewhat difficult subject. Practical Physiologic Chemistry.
doi:10.1001/jama.1913.04340110062037 fatcat:776momm4zvh5heyj4egyjdecbu