Semi-Supervised Anomaly Detection in Video-Surveillance Scenes in the Wild

Mohammad Ibrahim Sarker, Cristina Losada-Gutiérrez, Marta Marrón-Romera, David Fuentes-Jiménez, Sara Luengo-Sánchez
2021 Sensors  
Surveillance cameras are being installed in many primary daily living places to maintain public safety. In this video-surveillance context, anomalies occur only for a very short time, and very occasionally. Hence, manual monitoring of such anomalies may be exhaustive and monotonous, resulting in a decrease in reliability and speed in emergency situations due to monitor tiredness. Within this framework, the importance of automatic detection of anomalies is clear, and, therefore, an important
more » ... nt of research works have been made lately in this topic. According to these earlier studies, supervised approaches perform better than unsupervised ones. However, supervised approaches demand manual annotation, making dependent the system reliability of the different situations used in the training (something difficult to set in anomaly context). In this work, it is proposed an approach for anomaly detection in video-surveillance scenes based on a weakly supervised learning algorithm. Spatio-temporal features are extracted from each surveillance video using a temporal convolutional 3D neural network (T-C3D). Then, a novel ranking loss function increases the distance between the classification scores of anomalous and normal videos, reducing the number of false negatives. The proposal has been evaluated and compared against state-of-art approaches, obtaining competitive performance without fine-tuning, which also validates its generalization capability. In this paper, the proposal design and reliability is presented and analyzed, as well as the aforementioned quantitative and qualitative evaluation in-the-wild scenarios, demonstrating its high sensitivity in anomaly detection in all of them.
doi:10.3390/s21123993 pmid:34207883 pmcid:PMC8230050 fatcat:kvxd3ujt3rfohf5qg4s3eb4hzm