OUP accepted manuscript

2019 Journal of Economic Geography  
In this article, we study the effect of airports on local economic performance that arises from better access to domestic markets in the context of China's recent airport network expansion. We measure access through the changes in network closeness centrality implied by the contraction in potential journey times between counties within China. Our key finding is that better access-primarily due to landside distance reductions to airports-increased manufacturing productivity. The analysis is
more » ... he analysis is carried out on a panel of counties built from micro data on industrial firms, administrative records and census data. To mitigate endogeneity issues, we focus on a subsample of 'incidentally' affected counties, whose location midway between existing and new airports implies that they were neither explicitly targeted for development nor directly affected by airport operations.
doi:10.1093/jeg/lbz021 fatcat:kmnrx7lyzrfn5opavkch4rnvdq