Reviewing the Ethical Dilemma of Surrogacy
Proceedings of 3rd International Symposium on Social Science (ISSS 2017)
So far, new assisted reproductive technology (ART) involved surrogacy has raised a wide range of discussion in the world. Surrogacy, especially in some developed and developing countries, is the only way which can validly solve the problem of infertility rather than adoption. However, with the occurring of the new technology, lots of ethics problems made surrogacy a contested issue, obstructing the development of surrogacy while questioning the scholars and public: whether it is wrong to allow
... urrogacy by no means? Most ethical problem that have arisen out of surrogacy have been from bioethics, feminism to culture. This study reviews the findings of published papers regarding different aspects of surrogacy in China and some west countries. For example, first, some scholars in the aspects of feminism thought that the surrogate was demined by kinship, family, and Patriarchy. Surrogate has a tendency towards "objectification" by surrogacy agreements which aimed to "exploited women's body". Arguments from bioethics argue that the work of procreation cannot be regarded as an alienated work like other works, for is contains the respect of woman and the value of new birth. Besides the value and dignity of baby has been overlooked during the process. Last but not the least, surrogacy has raised different reflection among different culture and religion. Conclusion: both east and west countries exist a dilemma where resource are scarce while practical ethnological data.is not enough to support various theories. Scholars always put focus on one aspect or subject of surrogacy to illustrate the issue, making the issue captured into a trap of theoretical. Some fundamental principles should be taken into account the consideration of the availability of surrogacy. Lots of policies and laws should be taken into action to gain enough experience, data, and evidences to helping to examine the validity of theories.