Optimizing the LU Factorization for Energy Efficiency on a Many-Core Architecture [chapter]

Elkin Garcia, Jaime Arteaga, Robert Pavel, Guang R. Gao
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Power consumption and energy efficiency have become a major bottleneck in the design of new systems for high performance computing. The path to exa-scale computing requires new strategies that decrease the energy consumption of modern many-core architectures without sacrificing scalability or performance. The development of these strategies demands the use of scalable models for energy consumption and the reorientation of optimization techniques to focus on energy efficiency, evaluating their
more » ... ade-offs with respect to performance. In this paper, we investigate several optimization techniques to reduce the energy consumption on many-core architectures with a softwaremanaged memory hierarchy. We study the impact of these techniques on the Static Energy and the Dynamic Energy of the LU factorization benchmark using a scalable energy consumption model. The main contributions of this paper are: (1) The modeling and analysis of energy consumption and energy efficiency for LU factorization; (2) the study and design of instruction-level and task-level optimizations for the reduction of the Static and Dynamic Energy; (3) the design and implementation of an energy aware tiling that decreases the Dynamic Energy of power hungry instructions in the LU factorization benchmark; and (4) the experimental evaluation of the scalability and improvement in terms of energy consumption and power efficiency of the proposed optimizations using the IBM Cyclops-64 many-core architecture. We study the trade-offs between performance and power efficiency for the proposed optimizations. Our results for the LU factorization benchmark, using 156 hardware thread units, show an improvement in power efficiency between 1.68X and 4.87X for different matrix sizes. In addition, we point out examples of optimizations that scale in performance but not necessarily in power efficiency.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-09967-5_14 fatcat:rybw6exgsnctrnwjylbntdvyi4