Simulation based of DC-DC Converter for AVR System and PID Controller with Tree Seed Algorithm based AVR System for Synchronous Generator

Ms. Mrunali Kadam
2021 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
The voltage is supervised by AVR an automatic voltage regulator. It transforms the varying voltage into a constant voltage. The most prevalent cause of voltage fluctuation is changes in load on the supply system. An excitation system is a system that provides the necessary field current to the synchronous machine's rotor winding. The most important characteristics of an excitation system are dependability under all operating circumstances, ease of control, and ease of maintenance, stability,
more » ... quick transient response. In the literature, several control systems, such as in the literature, PID controllers, adaptive control methods, and intelligent control methods have all been suggested. On the one hand to get an accurate and quick generator terminal voltage control, the usage of a step down chopper in the exciter circuit is suggested in this study. DC-DC converters are also called as Choppers. The Step down chopper, It changes a given DC input voltage into a determined DC output voltage The input voltage source is tie up with governable solid state device that acts as a switch. Switches can be made using metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) or insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBT). The field circuit of the generator is associated to the chopper and a Praportional-Intigral controller deviates the converter duty cycle to vary the generator's terminal voltage. to regulate the generator field voltage. On the other hand, Tree-Seed Algorithm (TSA) algorithm based PID controller is put forward for automatic voltage regulator system. The suggested approach calculates PID coefficients to the best of its ability. The execution of this TSA-based optimum PID controller is compared to that of various PID controllers produced in the literature utilizing different meta-hermetic optimization techniques. Comparative research in for the suggested schemes has a superior transient response and is more resistant to fluctuations in Generator load and DC input voltage.
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2021.36775 fatcat:lmnrzvsxmbbdrkuc4qplqn6i4a