Morphological and immunohistochemical predictors of renal response to therapy patients with myeloma cast nephropathy and dialysis-dependent acute kidney injury

I. G. Rekhtina, E. V. Kazarina, E. S. Stolyarevich, A. M. Kovrigina, V. N. Dvirnyk, S. M. Kulikov, L. P. Mendeleeva
2020 Терапевтический архив  
Aim.Reveal morphological and immunohistochemical predictors of reversibility of dialysis-dependent acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with myeloma cast nephropathy (MCN) based on the study of kidney biopsy. Materials and methods.Renal pathological findings were studied in 36 patients with MCN and dialysis-dependent stage 3 AKI (AKIN, 2012). The study of biopsy samples was performed by a semi-quantitative and quantitative analysis using computer morphometry. The expression of E-cadherin,
more » ... tin and-smooth muscle actin was determined immunohistochemically in the tubular cells and interstitium. Induction therapy for 26 patients was carried out to bortezomib-based programs; in 10 patients other schemes were used. A comparative analysis of morphological changes in nephrobiopathy depending on the renal response was performed in patients with achieved hematologic remission. Results.Improved renal function was observed only in patients with hematologic response to therapy. There were no differences in the number of sclerotic glomeruli, protein casts, the area of inflammatory interstitial infiltration, and the degree of acute tubular damage in patients with and without renal response. In patients with renal response compared with patients without improving renal function, the area of interstitial fibrosis was less (24.9% and 45.9%, respectively;p=0.001), and the area of E-cadherin expression was larger (15.9% and 7.1%, respectively;p=0.006). Interstitial fibrosis of 40% or more and/or the area of expression of E-cadherin less than 10% of the area of tubulo-interstitium have an unfavorable prognostic value in achieving a renal response in MCN. Conclusion.If the interstitial fibrosis area is 40% or more and the expression area of E-cadherin is less than 10%, the probability of the absence of a renal response is 93.3% (OR=24.5) even when a hematological response to induction therapy is achieved. The number of protein casts, the prevalence of acute tubular damage and inflammatory interstitial infiltration have not prognostic value.
doi:10.26442/00403660.2020.07.000776 pmid:33346446 fatcat:wt4c3baf35gufkexnwmesflvme