Energy-Efficient Selective Activation in Femtocell Networks

Michael Lin, Simone Silvestri, Novella Bartolini, Thomas La Porta
2015 2015 IEEE 12th International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems  
Provisioning the capacity of wireless networks is difficult when peak load is significantly higher than average load, for example, in public spaces like airports or train stations. Service providers can use femtocells and small cells to increase local capacity, but deploying enough femtocells to serve peak loads requires a large number of femtocells that will remain idle most of the time, which wastes a significant amount of power. To reduce the energy consumption of over-provisioned femtocell
more » ... etworks, we formulate a femtocell selective activation problem, which we formalize as an integer nonlinear optimization problem. Then we introduce GREENFEMTO, a distributed femtocell selective activation algorithm that deactivates idle femtocells to save power and activates them on-the-fly as the number of users increases. We prove that GREENFEMTO converges to a locally Pareto optimal solution and demonstrate its performance using extensive simulations of an LTE wireless system. Overall, we find that GREENFEMTO requires up to 55% fewer femtocells to serve a given user load, relative to an existing femtocell power-saving procedure, and comes within 15% of a globally optimal solution.
doi:10.1109/mass.2015.16 dblp:conf/mass/LinSBP15 fatcat:73vl3hin7ffalojge6d4m3wlfu