Chronotope In The Cycle Of J. Brodsky "A Part Of Speech" And Metaphysical Poetry
The article regards the process of broadening the term «metaphysi-cal poetry» taking J. Brodsky's cycle «A Part of Speech» as empirical ma-terial. The research aims at accumulating evidence on studying chronotope as a philosophical category as well as its artistic function. The study fea-tures the analysis of chronotope being represented in a symbolic way, to-gether with geometric symbols and image structure. The cycle «A Part of Speech» defines three groups of space images: geographic,
... geographic, localized (closed), indefinite-personal. Principal time images include the following: historical (mythical and real), calendar (astronomical), abstract (mythical). Concerning methodology of research there were structural and semiotic, formal, receptive and phenomenological methods as well as discursive ap-proach applied. To comply with the time and place model there are func-tions of nuclear catalyst defined. It is the images of time and space that act as nuclear catalysts which is determined by the distributive and integrative units emphasized in the article. The symbols of space and time differ from the point of view of artistic visibility and audio image, thus, visual and au-dial aspects are contrasted. The role of space being the integral part of world history as well as a cultural and geographical sign is pointed out. The feelings of loneliness and aloofness typical of a lyric hero as well as their transfers from reality to the world of reminiscence are relevant for metaphysical poetry. The essence of the latter is revealed through author's attitudes towards exile, death and immortality.