The One-Stage Detector Algorithm Based on Background Prediction and Group Normalization for Vehicle Detection

Fei Lu, Fei Xie, Shibin Shen, Jiquan Yang, Jing Zhao, Rui Sun, Lei Huang
2020 Applied Sciences  
Vehicle detection in intelligent transportation systems (ITS) is a very important and challenging task in traffic monitoring. The difficulty of this task is to accurately locate and classify relatively small vehicles in complex scenes. To solve these problems, this paper proposes a modified one-stage detector based on background prediction and group normalization to realize real-time and accurate detection of traffic vehicles. The one-stage detector firstly adds a module to adjust the width and
more » ... height of anchors and predict the target background, which avoids the problem of the target vehicle missing detection or wrong detection due to the influence of the complicated environments. Then, group normalization and the loss function based on weight attenuation can improve the one-stage detector performance in the training process. The experimental results on traffic monitoring datasets indicate that the improved one-stage detector is superior to the other neural network models in terms of precision at 95.78%.
doi:10.3390/app10175883 fatcat:z2dphyhtere4hlbisc2n25odqm