COMPETITION BETWEEN WHEAT AND RYEGRASS UNDER DIFFERENT LEVELS OF NITROGEN FERTILIZATION

D. AGOSTINETTO, C.P. TAROUCO, A.C. LANGARO, J. GOMES, L. VARGAS
2017 Planta Daninha  
The main limiting factors for the productive potential of wheat crops are related to the competition with weeds for resources such as water, light and nutrients. Nitrogen (N) is an important nutrient used to maintain crop productivity, as well as promoting the competitive ability of crops and therefore suppress the weed growth. In this context, the goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of wheat plants in competition with ryegrass under different levels of nitrogen fertilization.
more » ... nts were arranged in a factorial design, where factor A consisted in nitrogen rates (0, 60, 120, 180 and 240 kg ha-1) and factor B consisted in ryegrass and wheat plants ratios, which were: 100/0 (pure stand of 64 wheat plants), 50/50 (32 wheat plants and 32 ryegrass plants) and 0/100 (pure stand of 64 ryegrass plants). Competition between the culture and ryegrass by N resulted in mutual damages, but the culture was more competitive than weeds, regardless of the N dose. The use of doses up to 120 kg N ha-1 increased the evaluated variables for wheat and ryegrass. Interspecific competition and nitrogen in higher than 120 kg N ha-1 doses reduced the morphological variables mass of the aerial part dry matter and leaf area of wheat and ryegrass.
doi:10.1590/s0100-83582017350100050 fatcat:rugdrgqzmfakln65tsoakteaoe