Cognitive-behavior therapy versus pharmacotherapy: Now that the jury's returned its verdict, it's time to present the rest of the evidence

Neil S. Jacobson, Steven D. Hollon
1996 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology  
Recent reanalyses suggest that pharmacotherapy was superior to cognitive-behavior therapy in the acute treatment of more severely depressed outpatients in the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program (TDCRP). At the same time, this finding was neither robust across sites within the TDCRP nor consistent with findings from other studies. D. F. Klein has argued that those other studies were inherently flawed because they did not include
more » ... controls, an argument that he extended to drug-psychotherapy comparisons in the treatment of panic as well. It is agreed that the inclusion of such controls would have facilitated the interpretation of the findings, but it is not agreed that their omission rendered those studies uninterpretable. Cognitive-behavior therapy remains a viable alternative to pharmacotherapy in the treatment of depression and a particularly promising intervention in the treatment of panic disorder.
doi:10.1037//0022-006x.64.1.74 pmid:8907086 fatcat:i5z4pw76kbcvpplvyp2au7popq