Farming Operations for June [stub]

1855 The Catholic Layman  
Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other writings published in more than 200 of the oldest leading academic journals. The works date from the mid--seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries. We encourage people to read and share the Early Journal Content openly and to tell others that this resource exists. People may post this content online or redistribute in any way for non--commercial purposes. Read more about Early Journal
more » ... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. 1855., THE CATHOLIC LAYMAN. 71 it may appear trifling; but, for my part, I fancy it is quite appropriate, andecapable of combining into regular system the elementary instructions hithertogiven to his neophytes. He submits to them the example of an earthly king, punishing offenders against his crown and person, and of their obtaining pardon, through the mediation and supplication of friends; and to imprint this illustration indelibly on their memories, that they may be able thereby to carry it in their minds throughout the whole of what he next proposes to teach them, he intimates to them the necessity of doing so by wcara avrov rporov, which is indicative of a repetition of the example proposed-" After the same manner that they supplicate the king to obtain pardon," &c.-atL OpttC virp w Krwvor eots EVsV avry raC BEtlaS Eg Wpoarppovrrs, eav apaprwekoi wary, ov arrEfavov 7rXExopsv, aXXa Xpoarov sE~aytaarpeov vrEp rwev riferTpwv apeaprqparwv rpocorpopv, EsIXEovpyfvot v7rp avrTwv Kat tilwtv roy tiXavOpewov.-"e So do we offer up supplications to God for those that are dead, if they be sinners; we do not propose a crown, but we offer Christ slain for our sins, propitiating, both for them (the dead) and for us, Him who is so beneficent." This passage is of paramount importance; it is plain and simple in construction, and cannot be misunderstood; it is the climax of all St. Cyril has advanced respecting prayers, &c., for the relief of the dead; and if allowed to be the exponent of the doctrine of the Christian Church on this point, the controversy is at an end, and the distinction between prayers for the patriarchs, prophets, apostles, &c., and those for the other dead must he admitted. This you are aware of, and throughout paragraphs No. 1 and No. 2 of your reply to my letter referred to above, after a number of varied, desultory, but ineffectual attempts to ignore the plain, obvious meaning of this passage, you resign it as hopeless, and concede to me, on the authority of St. Cyril, this very distinction. An inextricable dilemma presents itself before you-you must either agree to the truth of St. Cyril's teaching, " If they (the 'dead) be sinners, we offer supplications for them ; we offer Christ slain," to propitiate God for them, to make atonement for them, to obtain pardon for them, &c. ; and the admission of this would be fatal to the Church of England doctrine in Article xxii. of her religion; or you must adopt the only alternative at your disposal, which, I think, still involves you in no trifling difficulty. This latter course you take, and, in pointed allusion to the doctrine enunciated in the foregoing passage of St. Cyril, you ask-" How, then, are we to account for the fact of St. Cyril being driven to justify prayers for those who died in their sins-apaprwOot ?" Now, if anything can be a proof, clear and inevitable, this query affords such proof-first, that I have not been guilty of " evident misconstruction" with regard to the passages of St. Cyril; second, that I was justified, onutheir authority, in making the distinction, as I have done, between " commemoration of patriarchs, &c., that God, through their prayers and intercessions, may receive our supplications," and prayers, &c., for the relief of
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