Data Augmentation for Skin Lesion using Self-Attention based Progressive Generative Adversarial Network [article]

Ibrahim Saad Ali, Mamdouh Farouk Mohamed, Yousef Bassyouni Mahdy
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) show a significant impact on medical imaging. One significant problem with adopting DNNs for skin cancer classification is that the class frequencies in the existing datasets are imbalanced. This problem hinders the training of robust and well-generalizing models. Data Augmentation addresses this by using existing data more effectively. However, standard data augmentation implementations are manually designed and produce only limited reasonably alternative data.
more » ... ad, Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) is utilized to generate a much broader set of augmentations. This paper proposes a novel enhancement for the progressive generative adversarial networks (PGAN) using self-attention mechanism. Self-attention mechanism is used to directly model the long-range dependencies in the feature maps. Accordingly, self-attention complements PGAN to generate fine-grained samples that comprise clinically-meaningful information. Moreover, the stabilization technique was applied to the enhanced generative model. To train the generative models, ISIC 2018 skin lesion challenge dataset was used to synthesize highly realistic skin lesion samples for boosting further the classification result. We achieve an accuracy of 70.1% which is 2.8% better than the non-augmented one of 67.3%.
arXiv:1910.11960v1 fatcat:3ozy75wygbgy5k3qiejavlt2g4