Awareness of Post – Exposure Prophylaxis Guidelines against Occupational Exposure to HIV Among Post Graduate Residents at Mangalore, India
International Journal of Medicine and Public Health
51 s h o r t c o M M u n I c A t I o n I J M E D P h A b s t r A c t Background: Health care workers (HCWs) are regularly exposed to blood, and other body fluids which make them prone to a risk of acquiring the infection. Despite following 'universal precautions', accidental exposure may occur while performing invasive procedures and handling high risk fluids. Objectives: (a) to assess the awareness of post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in case of needle-stick injury from confirmed or suspected
... rce of HIV amongst I-year postgraduate residents of Kasturba Medical college & Manipal college of Dental sciences, Mangalore, India. (b) to educate them about the post-exposure prophylaxis guidelines against occupational exposure to hIV. Methodology: this is a cross sectional study among 85 postgraduate residents based on response to structured questionnaire. results were analyzed and tabulated using national AIDs control organization Guidelines as reference standard for comparison. Results: nineteen respondents (22%) were aware of the true risk of transmission. About half of the respondents identified all the high risk fluids correctly. Twenty-five respondents (29%) knew whom to contact immediately after accidental exposure while only 20respondents (23%) knew that washing with soap and water was the initial measure. though half of the respondents knew that prophylaxis should be initiated within 1hour of injury, a mere 30% knew the correct duration of PEP. 42% respondents were aware of the availability of drugs and only 28% knew the approximate cost of therapy. Conclusion: there is a considerable lack of awareness among the medical and dental postgraduate residents about the PEP against accidental exposure to hIV suggesting a need for training and awareness programmes to improve the awareness.