Awareness of Post – Exposure Prophylaxis Guidelines against Occupational Exposure to HIV Among Post Graduate Residents at Mangalore, India

Saraswati Viswanathan, Rashmi Jain, MP Adhikari, Animesh Jain
2011 International Journal of Medicine and Public Health  
51 s h o r t c o M M u n I c A t I o n I J M E D P h A b s t r A c t Background: Health care workers (HCWs) are regularly exposed to blood, and other body fluids which make them prone to a risk of acquiring the infection. Despite following 'universal precautions', accidental exposure may occur while performing invasive procedures and handling high risk fluids. Objectives: (a) to assess the awareness of post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in case of needle-stick injury from confirmed or suspected
more » ... rce of HIV amongst I-year postgraduate residents of Kasturba Medical college & Manipal college of Dental sciences, Mangalore, India. (b) to educate them about the post-exposure prophylaxis guidelines against occupational exposure to hIV. Methodology: this is a cross sectional study among 85 postgraduate residents based on response to structured questionnaire. results were analyzed and tabulated using national AIDs control organization Guidelines as reference standard for comparison. Results: nineteen respondents (22%) were aware of the true risk of transmission. About half of the respondents identified all the high risk fluids correctly. Twenty-five respondents (29%) knew whom to contact immediately after accidental exposure while only 20respondents (23%) knew that washing with soap and water was the initial measure. though half of the respondents knew that prophylaxis should be initiated within 1hour of injury, a mere 30% knew the correct duration of PEP. 42% respondents were aware of the availability of drugs and only 28% knew the approximate cost of therapy. Conclusion: there is a considerable lack of awareness among the medical and dental postgraduate residents about the PEP against accidental exposure to hIV suggesting a need for training and awareness programmes to improve the awareness.
doi:10.5530/ijmedph.2.2011.13 fatcat:h4m5q62ohbcrhbu5szzvwcssxq