Diabetic ketoacidosis with acute severe hypertriglyceridaemia-induced pancreatitis as first presentation of type 2 diabetes

Man Tek Kong, Monica Pon Nunes, Kan Fat Leong
2021 BMJ Case Reports  
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an acute destructive inflammatory condition of the pancreas. Hypertriglyceridaemia is the third most common worldwide cause of AP. Although the presentation of hypertriglyceridaemic pancreatitis (HTGP) is usually similar to other forms of AP, it may cause more severe AP and worse symptoms. Therefore, apart from the supportive care and treatment for AP, it is necessary to treat the underlying aetiology. There are no established guidelines for managing HTGP. Many
more » ... g HTGP. Many treatment modalities have been reported, including intravenous insulin infusion, heparin and plasmapheresis. Randomised trials comparing their efficacy are lacking. Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) may be a risk factor for AP, but it is uncertain if AP triggers DKA or vice versa. Here, we describe a case of a 44-year-old man who presented with DKA concurrent with acute severe HTGP as first manifestation of type 2 diabetes mellitus. He was successfully managed with supportive care and intravenous insulin infusion.
doi:10.1136/bcr-2020-239727 pmid:33875498 fatcat:iphmqswhh5hjdlbc2sogyyzssi