A Brain-specific Isoform of Small Glutamine-rich Tetratricopeptide Repeat-containing Protein Binds to Hsc70 and the Cysteine String Protein

Sönke Tobaben, Frederique Varoqueaux, Nils Brose, Bernd Stahl, Guido Meyer
2003 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Small glutamine-rich tetratricopeptide repeat-containing protein (SGT) is a ubiquitously expressed cochaperone of heat shock cognate protein of 70 kDa (Hsc70). SGT binds to the C terminus of Hsc70, a site used by several tetratricopeptide repeat-containing binding partners to recruit Hsc70 into complexes of diverse function. We describe here an isoform of SGT with 60% amino acid sequence identity that we name ␤SGT. In contrast to the previously published ␣SGT, ␤SGT is almost exclusively
more » ... d in brain. Both isoforms of SGT possess similar binding properties toward Hsc70 and cysteine string protein, a synaptic vesicle-associated J-domain-containing protein. In addition, SGTs oligomerize without preferences among isoforms. The distribution of protein binding motifs on SGTs reveals a modular structure. The N-terminal domains mediate oligomerization. Binding to Hsc70 is impaired by mutations of basic residues within the central tetratricopeptide repeat domain of ␤SGT, indicating a two-carboxylate clamp as the binding mode. The tetratricopeptide repeats are also necessary for binding to the cysteine string protein. However, this binding mode is distinct from the two-carboxylate clamp that is involved in Hsc70 binding. The C-terminal regions of SGTs might constitute independent protein interaction domains. We conclude that ␤SGT is likely to cooperate with ␣SGT as co-chaperone of Hsc70 in the brain. The modular structure of SGTs allows them to recruit client proteins to Hsc70 and to direct the resulting complex toward downstream proteins that take over the respective client proteins.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m301558200 pmid:12878599 fatcat:kjbcbwttjvb3bpz43mu7caw2gy