A Survey on Biometric Authentication for Accident Victims during Emergencies
International Journal of Scientific Development and Research
This paper aims at developing a biometric device for authenticating an accident victim's identity through his/her fingerprint in case of emergencies wherein the person is found unconscious without any identity proof thereby reducing the time taken for the initial treatment of the person and hence minimizing the risk of death due to delay in the treatment process. Initially, people are required to register themselves with any hospital providing their personal details like their contact no.,
... r contact no., family/relatives contact details, blood group and a brief medical history. The proposed system makes use of a fingerprinting device which will read the patient's fingerprint and compare it with the previously stored fingerprint templates present in the hospital server. If it is present, then it will retrieve the information. In case, the patient's details are not found in the particular hospital, the fingerprint will be searched in the other hospitals which are connected in a distributive manner. This paper also uses the GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) technology which is one of the most widely used telecommunications standard in the world. It is used to send alert messages to the victims /patient's registered family members or relatives. In emergency cases when the patient is unconscious, using this method, hospital will get the information and using the GSM module they can intimate the patient's family.