Insect predation of seeds of native New Zealand woody plants in some central South Island localities

Jon J. Sullivan, Colin J. Burrows, John S. Dugdale
1995 New Zealand Journal of Botany  
Samples of fruit collected from woody plants in central South Island lowland forests, showed that nine species were more or less heavily affected by insect seed predation (more than 10% of seeds and up to 63% eaten in some samples). One obligate seed-eater each occurred in seven of these; the rest had two or more. Two were also attacked by facultative seed-eaters. A further eight species of plants were affected to a lesser degree by obligate or facultative seed-eating insects. Moth larvae from
more » ... ine families and ten genera are the main seed eaters, but weevils are important for some plant species.
doi:10.1080/0028825x.1995.10412962 fatcat:fdqo2avqrrecjc6hvv4yyjm5di