Akt1 induces extracellular matrix invasion and matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity in mouse mammary epithelial cells

B K Park, X Zeng, R I Glazer
2001 Cancer Research  
The roles of the protein-serine/threonine kinase, Akt1, in signaling pathways associated with cell motility and extracellular matrix invasion were examined in the immortalized mouse mammary epithelial cell line, COMMA-1D. COMMA-1D cells were engineered to express the avian leukosis subtype A receptor, tv-a, to permit infection by recombinant avian leukosis virus produced by the replication-competent avian splice vector, RCAS. COMMA-1D/tv-a cells transduced with RCAS/v-akt, but not RCAS/Akt1,
more » ... med anchorage-independent colonies in soft agar; however, cells overexpressing either v-akt or Akt1 became highly invasive when grown on the ECM, Matrigel. Zymography of extracellular protease activity shed into the medium by COMMA-1D/Akt1 or COMMA-1D/v-akt cells revealed elevated gelatinase activity that was confirmed to be matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2; gelatinase A) by Western blotting and immunoprecipitation-zymography. The MMP inhibitor, BB-94, blocked MMP-2 activity and invasion associated with Akt1- and v-akt-expressing cells. The proteasome inhibitor, lactacystin, markedly increased MMP-2 levels and invasion in control cells but not in Akt1- and v-akt-expressing cells. These results suggest that the invasive behavior of mammary epithelial cells induced by Akt1 is associated with increased MMP-2 expression that may result from inhibition of MMP-2 degradation by the proteasome pathway.
pmid:11606407 fatcat:grvftjrvyvhm7ora2ymhmi4icu