Leaves in Infinite Variety
The American history teacher
Chlorophytum capense var. medio-pictum is widely used as a houseplant with its central yellowish white stripe in green leaves. This study investigated chlorophyll biosynthesis, and epidermal characteristics in leaf stripes of different color. The results showed that yellowish white leaf stripes (YS) have a lower 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) content than that of green stripes. Meanwhile, YS had higher coproporphyrinogen III (Coprogen III) and Mg-protoporphyrin monomethyl ester (Mpe) contents, but
... (Mpe) contents, but the lower content of protoporphyrinogen IX (Proto IX) and protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) compared to green stripes, suggesting that the occurrence of yellowish white stripes may be attributed to the blocked ALA synthesis and the inhibited conversions from Coprogen III to Proto IX and Mpe to Pchlide. In addition, the upper and lower epidermal cells in YS were larger than those in green stripes. The chloroplasts developed normally in the guard cells of the YS epidermis, though almost no chloroplasts were detected in YS mesophyll cells. mass; Fv/Fm -maximal quantum yield of PSII photochemistry; GC -green leaf center; GE -green leaf edge; GS -green leaf stripe; Mg-Proto IX -Mg-protoporphyrin IX; Mpe -Mg-protoporphyrin monomethyl ester; NPQ -nonphotochemical quenching; PBG -porphobilinogen; Pchlide -protochlorophyllide; POR -NADPH-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase; Proto IX -protoporphyrin IX; Urogen III -uroporphyrinogen III; YS -yellowish white leaf stripe. Acknowledgements: This research was supported by Sichuan Agricultural University.