Clinical report: one year of treatment of Proteus syndrome with miransertib (ARQ 092)

Leslie G. Biesecker, Matthew Edwards, Sheridan O'Donnell, Paula Doherty, Thomas MacDougall, Kate Tith, Julia Kazakin, Brian Schwartz
2020 Molecular Case Studies  
A 20-yr-old man with Proteus syndrome (PS) and somatic mosaicism of the AKT1 c.49G > A p.(E17K) variant had asymmetric overgrowth of the right frontal and facial bones, asymmetric spinal overgrowth with thoracolumbar scoliosis, dilatation of the inferior vena cava, testicular cystadenoma, bilateral knee deformities, macrodactyly, and apparent intellectual disability. Miransertib (ARQ 092) is an oral, allosteric, selective pan-AKT inhibitor initially developed for cancer therapeutics, now being
more » ... valuated for the treatment of PS. After baseline evaluation, the patient started unblinded treatment of 10 mg oral miransertib daily (∼5 mg/m2/day), escalated to 30 mg daily (∼15 mg/m2/day), and then to 50 mg daily (∼25 mg/m2/day) after 3 mo of treatment. Adverse events included dry mouth, one episode of gingivostomatitis, and loose, painful dentition due to preexisting periodontal disease, all of which resolved spontaneously. After 11 mo of treatment, the patient reported improved general well-being, increased mobility of the ankle, spine, and hands, a subjective decrease in size of the right facial bone overgrowth, and reduced areas of cerebriform connective tissue nevi on the soles. Whole-body MRI findings were stable without apparent disease progression. We conclude that 1 yr of treatment with miransertib was beneficial in this case.
doi:10.1101/mcs.a004549 pmid:32014856 pmcid:PMC6996520 fatcat:iak4qbkbsffwri3z7k2rys4i2m