Integrating Prior Knowledge Into Prognostic Biomarker Discovery based on Network Structure [article]

Yupeng Cun, Holger Fröhlich
2013 arXiv   pre-print
Predictive, stable and interpretable gene signatures are generally seen as an important step towards a better personalized medicine. During the last decade various methods have been proposed for that purpose. However, one important obstacle for making gene signatures a standard tool in clinics is the typical low reproducibility of these signatures combined with the difficulty to achieve a clear biological interpretation. For that purpose in the last years there has been a growing interest in
more » ... roaches that try to integrate information from molecular interaction networks. Results: We propose a novel algorithm, called FrSVM, which integrates protein-protein interaction network information into gene selection for prognostic biomarker discovery. Our method is a simple filter based approach, which focuses on central genes with large differences in their expression. Compared to several other competing methods our algorithm reveals a significantly better prediction performance and higher signature stability. More- over, obtained gene lists are highly enriched with known disease genes and drug targets. We extendd our approach further by integrating information on candidate disease genes and targets of disease associated Transcript Factors (TFs).
arXiv:1212.3214v2 fatcat:bktrsnyxu5hyhaqef5jv72duz4