Mechanical Evaluation of Effect of Grape Seed Proanthocyanidins Extract on Debilitated Mandibles in Rats

Masaru GUNJIMA, Iwan TOFANI, Yukimi KOJIMA, Kenshi MAKI, Mitsutaka KIMURA
2004 Dental materials journal  
Grape seed proanthocyanidins extract (GSPE), whose principal ingredient is proanthocyanidins, shows many activities such as cholesterol lowering effects, antioxidant effects, anti-tumor effects, cardioprotective effects, and protection against ultraviolet rays. However, reports of the effects of GSPE on bone are rare. We performed a mechanical analysis of the effect of GSPE on the interior structure of rat mandibular bone in the growth period, using three-dimensional peripheral quantitative
more » ... al quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). A low-calcium/high-calcium diet with supplementary GSPE was compared to a lowcalcium/high-calcium diet in rats with debilitated mandibular bones. The group who received added GSPE showed a significant increase in cortical bone density, cross-sectional area, and trabecular bone mineral content (p<0.05). A significant increase was also seen in the results of a non-invasive stress strain index (SSI) (p<0.01) in the added GSPE. Our findings suggest that GSPE can increase bone quality and bone strength of rat mandibles in the growth period.
doi:10.4012/dmj.23.67 fatcat:q6fqknu5wjhkrekqk3dk5eq4t4