Oxidative Phosphorylation and Rotenone-insensitive Malate- and NADH-Quinone Oxidoreductases inPlasmodium yoelii yoeliiMitochondriain Situ

Sergio A. Uyemura, Shuhong Luo, Mauricio Vieira, Silvia N. J. Moreno, Roberto Docampo
2003 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Respiration, membrane potential, and oxidative phosphorylation of mitochondria of Plasmodium yoelii yoelii trophozoites were assayed in situ after permeabilization with digitonin. ADP induced an oligomycin-sensitive transition from resting to phosphorylating respiration in the presence of oxidizable substrates. A functional respiratory chain was demonstrated. In addition, the ability of the parasite to oxidize exogenous NADH, as well as the insensitivity of respiration to rotenone and its
more » ... ivity to flavone, suggested the presence of an alternative NADH-quinone (NADH-Q) oxidoreductase. Rotenone-insensitive respiration and membrane potential generation in the presence of malate suggested the presence of a malate-quinone oxidoreductase. These results are in agreement with the presence of genes in P. yoelii encoding for proteins with homology to NADH-Q oxidoreductases of bacteria, plant, fungi, and protozoa and malate-quinone oxidoreductases of bacteria. The complete inhibition of respiration by antimycin A and cyanide excluded the presence of an alternative oxidase as described in other parasites. An uncoupling effect of fatty acids was partly reversed by bovine serum albumin and GTP but was unaffected by carboxyatractyloside. These results provide the first biochemical evidence of the presence of an alternative NADH-Q oxidoreductase and a malate-quinone oxidoreductase and confirm the operation of oxidative phosphorylation in malaria parasites.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m307264200 pmid:14561763 fatcat:aubspiaojvev7lsuispoazyciq