Implementation and Use of Disease Diagnosis Systems for Electronic Medical Records Based on Machine Learning: A Complete Review

Jahanzaib Latif, Chuangbai Xiao, Shanshan Tu, Sadaqat Ur Rehman, Azhar Imran, Anas Bilal
2020 IEEE Access  
Electronic health records are used to extract patient's information instantly and remotely, which can help to keep track of patients' due dates for checkups, immunizations, and to monitor health performance. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) in the USA protects the patient data confidentiality, but it can be used if data is re-identified using 'HIPAA Safe Harbor' technique. Usually, this re-identification is performed manually, which is very laborious and time
more » ... vating exertion. Various techniques have been proposed for automatic extraction of useful information, and accurate diagnosis of diseases. Most of these methods are based on Machine Learning and Deep Learning Methods, while the auxiliary diagnosis is performed using Rule-based methods. This review focuses on recently published papers, which are categorized into Rule-Based Methods, Machine Learning (ML) Methods, and Deep Learning (DL) Methods. Particularly, ML methods are further categorized into Support Vector Machine Methods (SVM), Bayes Methods, and Decision Tree Methods (DT). DL methods are decomposed into Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN), Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN), Deep Belief Network (DBN) and Autoencoders (AE) methods. The objective of this survey paper is to highlight both the strong and weak points of various proposed techniques in the disease diagnosis. Moreover, we present advantage, disadvantage, focused disease, dataset employed, and publication year of each category.
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3016782 fatcat:j76bwlyrj5dv5mhhsvs4apynje