Glioma Virotherapy: Effects of Innate Immune Suppression and Increased Viral Replication Capacity

Avner Friedman, Jianjun Paul Tian, Giulia Fulci, E. Antonio Chiocca, Jin Wang
2006 Cancer Research  
Oncolytic viruses are genetically altered replication-competent viruses that infect, and reproduce in, cancer cells but do not harm normal cells. On lysis of the infected cells, the newly formed viruses burst out and infect other tumor cells. Experiments with injecting mutant herpes simplex virus 1 (hrR3) into glioma implanted in brains of rats show lack of efficacy in eradicating the cancer. This failure is attributed to interference by the immune system. Initial pretreatment with
more » ... t with immunosuppressive agent cyclophosphamide reduces the percentage of immune cells. We introduce a mathematical model and use it to determine how different protocols of cyclophosphamide treatment and how increased burst size of the mutated virus will affect the growth of the cancer. One of our conclusions is that the diameter of the cancer will decrease from 4 mm to eventually 1 mm if the burst size of the virus is triple that which is currently available. The effect of repeated cyclophosphamide treatment is to maintain a low density of uninfected cells in the tumor, thus reducing the probability of migration of tumor cells to other locations in the brain. (Cancer Res 2006; 66(4): 2314-9)
doi:10.1158/0008-5472.can-05-2661 pmid:16489036 fatcat:i47ssyemsvdo3cme3545qpd64a