The length of time that flexible endoscopes which have undergone reprocessing with high-level disinfection can safely be stored before use: a systematic review protocol

Marilee Schmelzer, Glenda Daniels, Helen Hough
2014 The JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports  
Review question/objective How long (in days) do flexible endoscopes that have undergone reprocessing with high-level disinfection (HLD) maintain the same level of disinfection and remain safe to use when stored as recommended by the manufacturer? The objective of this review is to systematically review the best available evidence related to the safe hang time or storage time (in days) of flexible endoscopes that have undergone reprocessing with high-level disinfection in order to determine when
more » ... r to determine when they can be safely used without posing any risk of contamination from pathogens. Background Endoscope definition and use Endoscopes are used worldwide to screen for colon cancer and provide diagnostic information for gastrointestinal (GI) and pulmonary conditions, as well as for therapeutic interventions (e.g. removing biliary tract stones, removing polyps, cauterizing blood vessels in bleeding ulcers) and for surveillance purposes. An estimated 55 million endoscopies were performed in the United States in 2009 and 50% were for colonoscopies. 1 The exact number of endoscopic procedures performed worldwide is unknown. However, endoscopy is commonly used for early detection of three of the 20 leading causes of death worldwide. 2 These include tracheal, bronchial and lung cancer (eighth leading cause at 1.3 million deaths); stomach cancer (17th at 0.8 million deaths); and colorectal cancer (20th at 0.6 million JBI
doi:10.11124/jbisrir-2014-1353 fatcat:kv7scjxiurbyhi722zzgoy3rtq