Role of Sn as a Process Control Agent on Mechanical Alloying Behavior of Nanocrystalline Titanium Based Powders

Izabela Matuła, Maciej Zubko, Grzegorz Dercz
2020 Materials  
In this study, the effects of Sn as a process control agent (PCA) on the final powder sizes, morphology, homogenization and alloying process of a new titanium alloy were investigated. Two kinds of powders, Ti10Ta8Mo and Ti10Ta8Mo3Sn (wt %), were prepared using a mechanical alloying process. For the Ti10Ta8Mo3Sn (wt %) alloy, the Sn element was used as PCA to enhance the milling process in the planetary ball mill. The milling process of both compositions was carried out with 200 rpm for 10, 15,
more » ... 00 rpm for 10, 15, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 h. The results confirmed that using Sn as a process control agent can result in a relatively good size distribution and better yield performance compared to samples without Sn addition. The phase analysis using X-ray diffraction proved the formation of the α nanocrystalline phase and the partial phase transformation from α to nanocrystalline β phases of both alloy compositions. The Scaning Electron Micoscope- Backscattered Electrons SEM-BSE results confirmed that the use of Sn as the PCA can provide a better homogenization of samples prepared by at least 60 h of ball milling. Furthermore, the presence of Sn yielded the most uniform, spheroidal and finest particles after the longest milling time.
doi:10.3390/ma13092110 pmid:32370206 fatcat:uwc2izhiljav5ksagcx5ltmz2q