Gods Doomed to Death. Psalm 82 as a Testimony of the Birth of Monotheism

Janusz Adam Lemański
2022 The Biblical Annals  
The paper examines the beginnings of biblical monotheism. The author indicates the period of the Babylonian exile as the moment of the emergence of this idea in Israel. Psalm 82 is interpreted here as a testimony to the monotheistic transformation. The author advocates a literal understanding of the content of the psalm, as an image of the judgement over pagan gods, which ended in their condemnation to death. The reason for this dethronement of the entire pantheon is the permanent inability of
more » ... he gods to ensure justice on earth. According to the psalmist, it is a feature of the only true God, which is the God of Israel, called upon to take power over the whole earth.
doi:10.31743/biban.12643 doaj:4162e86beca347d8b158713004e2c9ac fatcat:7ngfne4dfzardaxqgo7chlc5fy