Tension Pneumocephalus as a Complication of a Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt

Soichi SUNADA, Akira YAMAURA, Yasuyuki HOSAKA, Akimasa UOZUMI, Hiroyasu MAKINO
1984 Neurologia medico-chirurgica  
A 15-year-old boy was admitted with complaint of headache two months after a ventriculoperitoneal shunt for hydrocephalus secondary to aqueductal stenosis. Examinations revealed massive pneumo cephalus. The shunt valve was replaced to the one with antisiphon function, resulting in successful control of hydrocephalus and absorption of intracranial air collection. There have been only five reports of pneumocephalus as a complication of shunt operation in the literature. In our case there was no intraventricular air collection.
doi:10.2176/nmc.24.42 pmid:6204239 fatcat:nnko76oonjfjbopm2e4olypm2u