TRADITIONAL BELIEVES AND WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONAL

Arun Kumar
2016 Peer Reviewed Journal International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research Review   unpublished
The purpose of this study was to identify the role of traditional beliefs that affect women participation in educational institution. The sample of this study was 100 women including head of the department, teaching staff, non teaching staff, and students. The self prepared tool of four criterias on five point rating scale was used for the collection of data. After analysis of results, it can be concluded that when the women get administrative responsibility they show their autocratic style of
more » ... utocratic style of administration and become too masterful. Women have no clear vision for the responsibility she possess because they like to pass much time in caring of children and family but they work hard at work place. According to ancient literature of India, The women had equal status with men in all aspects of life. The women have respectable position in early Vedic period, and they were known as Laxmi (Goddess of wealth). It was believed that without wife, Husband should not celebrate any religious ceremony. Women get married at a mature age and were probably free to select their own husbands. But in later Vedic period the status of women has changed. as a widow no woman was allowed to remarriage and to participate in social and religious ceremonies. At the end of Vedic period, society has changed, now women has been humiliated and discriminated on the basis of socioeconomic , political and educational field. In India, the literacy rate of women is lower than man. A national commission was setup to see the matters related to the women. The female workers are mostly engaged in agriculture. Former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan created the Global Colloquium to seek the expertise of scholars on major problems facing the world and to explore how to promote the value that higher education offers to society, not just individuals. One of the major problems today, as Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has stated, is increasing inequalities, including those based on gender, that have accompanied economic growth in the last two decades. Take women's leadership and participation. The percentage of women in national legislatures has increased slowly over the past decade, but still averages just over 19 percent-in the world which means that there are still more than five men for every one woman legislator. The gender equality correlates positively with higher GNP. Women who earn their own income can challenge social gender relations. Their income and earnings can drive the larger economy. The raising Status of Women in science, technology and innovation can speed efforts to eradicate poverty, achieve food security, fight diseases, improve the quality of education, increase decent work opportunities and improve environmental sustainability-all critical to address challenges in today's world. Women are a highly vulnerable group in society. There are lots of reasons for the vulnerability of women. The reasons are irregular work, low economic status, little or no bargaining power, lack of control over earnings, need to balance paid work with care for children and homework, little or no access to institutional credit, training and information, and lack of assets. Unequal gender relations assume a very important role in defining their insecurities. Objective of the Study To find out effect of traditional believes on women participation in educational institution. Hypothesis Women have a lot of responsibility at homes which affect their role in educational institution. Delimitation The study was delimited to University of Lucknow, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India Methodology of Research Descriptive survey method has been used Population The population of the study is women in University of Lucknow, Lucknow. Although the population is made up of both male and female heads of department, teaching staff, non teaching staff and students but for the purpose of this study only women were selected.
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