Electrically Tunable Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Graphene Decorated by5dTransition-Metal Adatoms

Hongbin Zhang, Cesar Lazo, Stefan Blügel, Stefan Heinze, Yuriy Mokrousov
2012 Physical Review Letters  
The combination of the unique properties of graphene with spin polarization and magnetism for the design of new spintronic concepts and devices has been hampered by the small Coulomb interaction and the tiny spin-orbit coupling of carbon in pristine graphene. Such device concepts would take advantage of the control of the spin degree of freedom utilizing the widely available electric fields in electronics or of topological transport mechanisms such as the conjectured quantum anomalous Hall
more » ... t. Here we show, using first-principles methods, that 5d transition-metal (TM) adatoms deposited on graphene display remarkable magnetic properties. All considered TM adatoms possess significant spin moments with colossal magnetocrystalline anisotropy energies as large as 50 meV per TM atom. We reveal that the magneto-electric response of deposited TM atoms is extremely strong and in some cases offers even the possibility to switch the spontaneous magnetization direction by a moderate external electric field. We predict that an electrically tunable quantum anomalous Hall effect can be observed in this type of hybrid materials.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.108.056802 pmid:22400951 fatcat:k3pzt4z3ufhxnhpbacx5zgjytu