A Case of Portal Venous Gas after Rectal Surgery without Anastomotic Leakage or Bowel Necrosis

Takeshi Yamada, Hayato Kan, Satoshi Matsumoto, Tadashi Machida, Michihiro Koizumi, Seiichi Shinji, Akihisa Matsuda, Aya Yamagishi, Yasuyuki Yokoyama, Eiji Uchida
2015 Journal of Nippon Medical School  
Portal venous gas has traditionally been considered an indicator of a poor prognosis due to bowel necrosis. Portal venous gas has recently been detected in patients with various clinical conditions, such as Crohn's disease, chemotherapy, and blunt abdominal injury without bowel necrosis. We herein report the first case of a patient with rectal cancer in whom portal venous gas developed after low anterior resection without anastomotic leakage or bowel necrosis. A 66-year-old man who had
more » ... low anterior resection started having severe diarrhea the day after the operation. A fever was present for 2 days after the operation but resolved on postoperative day 3. The patient complained of abdominal pain 5 days postoperatively. Computed tomography showed portal venous gas. Emergency open laparotomy was performed, but only limited ascites fluid without leakage or bowel necrosis was found. We irrigated the abdominal cavity and performed an ileostomy with insertion of a drainage tube in the rectovesical pouch. Only serous ascites was discharged through the drainage tube. The portal venous gas disappeared 3 days after the second operation. The patient was discharged in good condition 21 days after the first operation. Portal venous gas can develop after rectal surgery without anastomotic leakage or bowel necrosis. Conservative treatment is reasonable for patients without signs of bowel necrosis or panperitonitis. However, patients with portal venous gas must be carefully observed because portal venous gas may be life threatening. (J Nippon Med Sch 2015; 82: 202 205)
doi:10.1272/jnms.82.202 pmid:26328797 fatcat:s5vucobrprhtnbuto3apfq5rka