Novel full-diversity high-rate STBC for 2 and 4 transmit antennas

S. Das, N. Al-Dhahir, R. Calderbank
2006 IEEE Communications Letters  
We design a new rate-5 4 full-diversity orthogonal space-time block code (STBC) for QPSK and 2 transmit antennas (TX) by enlarging the signalling set from the set of quaternions used in the Alamouti [1] code. Selective power scaling of information symbols is used to guarantee full-diversity while maximizing the coding gain (CG) and minimizing the transmitted signal peak-to-minimum power ratio (PMPR). The optimum power scaling factor is derived analytically and shown to outperform schemes based
more » ... nly on constellation rotation while still enjoying a low-complexity maximum likelihood (ML) decoding algorithm. Finally, we extend our designs to the case of 4 TX by enlarging the set of Quasi-Orthogonal STBC with power scaling. Extensions to general M-PSK constellations are straightforward. Index Terms-STBC, quaternions, coding gain, peak-tominimum power ratio.
doi:10.1109/lcomm.2006.1603374 fatcat:vp2guq3wjrfdpg5e73ebttthqm