Patients' claims regarding drug allergies
Tvrdnje pacijenata o alergijama na lekove

Radmila Dmitrović, Slavoljub Živanović
2020 Hospital Pharmacology  
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) defi nition, drug allergies are defi ned as harmful, unintended, and undesirable reactions that occur when administered at doses used to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease. Aim: The aim of study was to determine the rate of patients' claims to be allergic to a drug. Material and Methods: This non-commercial study is a retrospective analysis of the work of one physician at the City Institute for Emergency Medical Services Belgrade for a total of
more » ... rade for a total of 10711 patients during the period from 2014 to 2019. Medication allergy claims are entered in the appropriate fi elds in the access program. Results: Based on the study inclusion and exclusion criteria 1721 patients were eligible for analysis. 1106 patients were female and 615 were male. Most patients claimed to be allergic to penicillin preparations (56.13%), followed by trimethoprim + sulfomethoxazole 12.02%, followed by Ibuprofen 3.95%. In addition to one-drug allergy claims, 338 (19.64%) patients reported allergy to two or more drugs: two drugs 64.80%, three drugs 22.20%, four and more drugs 6.5% each. Conclusions: In our study, the majority of reported allergic reactions indicated penicillin preparations, then trimethoprim + sulfomethoxazole followed by ibuprofen.
doi:10.5937/hpimj2001875d fatcat:qkauboyajvgxnpqaq6fvqyi4da