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The purpose of this article is to show the mechanism of cooperation at the level of teaching staff, students and administrative and technical staff as the three main actors in open and/or distance learning (ODL). The participatory observation approach carried out within the ODL organization in management sciences at the University of Antananarivo (Madagascar) has made it possible to bring out the result of the configuration of community - organic cooperation based on social identification anddoi:10.29121/ijetmr.v7.i8.2020.742 fatcat:aoq7w6wjjfeejjlmkrok6tc73a