Bionics and the choice of rational structural form
E3S Web of Conferences
The work is devoted to the development of such an interesting topic as bionics. The relevance of the study of this topic is due to the processes taking place both in our country and in the world. The aim of the work is to study the laws of formation of living organisms, their structure, design features, principles of operation and the use of this knowledge in the design of structures and constructions. The paper considers different areas of bionics and analyzes bionic principles. Particular
... les. Particular attention is paid to architectural bionics in terms of the choice of optimal design. The study of natural objects allows creating structures and constructions that take into account properties, shape, structure, organization of life of living organisms and plants. The issues of creation of an optimum design are considered. To do this, it must have the following properties: reliability, durability, efficiency, maintainability, and of course, environmental friendliness. The paper provides the analysis of trends in bionics. It is worth noting that these trends are penetrating each other, creating a new one. The examples of constructions based on bionic principles are given. To solve this problem, it is necessary to apply methods of mathematical modeling. They allow choosing the best option using a numerical experiment. The results of the analysis of the problem can be used in the design of structures and constructions of unique structures, and should serve the further development of bionic science. The combination of bionic principles and optimization methods creates the basis for such developments.