Cu2ZnSnS4 nanoflakes prepared by one step microwave irradiation technique: Effect of Cu concentration

S. P. Kandare, S. D. Dhole, V. N. Bhoraskar, S. S. Dahiwale
2016
The influence of cyclic microwave irradiation and effect of Cu concentration has been investigated for synthesis of pure phase Cu 2 ZnSnS 4 powder. It has been observed that Cu concentration plays a vital role to get pure phase Cu 2 ZnSnS 4 . The optical properties, phase purity, crystallographic structure and morphology have been investigated by spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. The results reveal that single phase kesterite Cu 2 ZnSnS 4 with no other secondary phase can be obtained by
more » ... can be obtained by precisely controlling the cyclic microwave irradiation time and the precursor concentrations. The optical band gap of prepared Cu 2 ZnSnS 4 powder, estimated from UV-Visible spectroscopy has been found to be ~ 1.45 eV which is superlative for photovoltaic application. Systematic Raman study confirms the formation of Cu 2 ZnSnS 4 phase and suppression of CuS peak with proper control in copper concentration. TEM image shows nanoflakes kind of morphology having thickness of flakes between 25 nm to 45 nm. Further the crystal inter-planer spacing is found to be 0.32 nm, which is consistent with the XRD data and ascribed to (112) plane.
doi:10.1063/1.4947738 fatcat:zkn25bncpfgsfm66y4ntfsophy