Preoperative Cardiovascular Risk Assessment Prior Non Cardiac Surgery: A Case Series of Patients Undergoing Urological Surgery in Ngaoundere, Cameroon

Olivier Pancha Mbouemboue, Herman Cabrel Ngangao, Jacques Olivier Ngoufack Tsougmo, Emmanuel Balep, Franklin Ndanki, Joseph Ngah Eloundou
2020 World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases  
and objective: Preoperative cardiovascular risk control is critical to reducing the frequency of perioperative cardiovascular events and improving the survival and quality of life of surgical patients. This study aimed at assessing preoperative cardiovascular of patients undergoing urological surgery in Ngaoundere, Cameroon. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried at the urological surgery department of the Ngaoundere Islamic Clinic. Participants' sociodemographic, clinical and
more » ... al data were collected and analyzed using Sphinx V5 software. Results: A total of 58 patients were included in the study. Their mean age was 61.33 ± 16.16 years. The most represented age group was the one over 70 years (34.50%). In total, 50 (86.20%) patients had low risk surgical procedures and 20 (34.5%) patients had poor functional capacity. Lee score was calculated for all patients with low functional capacity. Of these patients, 17 (85%) had a low risk of cardiovascular events. Conclusion: The present study reveals a low preoperative cardiovascular risk in urological surgery in Ngaoundere, Cameroon; however, this observation does not exclude the need of systematic evaluation of preoperative cardiovascular risk for better prevention of postoperative complications, in surgical setting in our context.
doi:10.4236/wjcd.2020.107044 fatcat:iojq74fox5ak7awdjoa5mcnwdu