Interactions of Ruddlesden-Popper Phases and Migration-Induced Field-Stabilized Polar Phase in Strontium Titanate

Christian Ludt, Elena Ovchinnikova, Anton Kulikov, Dmitri Novikov, Sibylle Gemming, Dirk C. Meyer, Matthias Zschornak
2021 Crystals  
This work focuses on the validation of a possible connection of the known Ruddlesden-Popper (RP) phases and the novel concept of the migration-induced field-stabilized polar (MFP) phase. To study this subject, model structures of RP phases in bulk strontium titanate are analyzed by means of density functional theory (DFT). The obtained geometries are compared to experimental MFP data. Good agreement can be found concerning atomic displacements in the pm range and lattice strain inferred by the
more » ... in inferred by the RP phases. Looking at the energy point of view, the defect structures are on the convex hull of the Gibb's free energy. Although the dynamics to form the discussed defect models are not addressed in detail, the interplay and stability of the described defect model will add to the possible structure scenarios within the near-surface region of strontium titanate. As a result, it can be suggested that RP phases generally favor the MFP formation.
doi:10.3390/cryst11060693 fatcat:3gapvstjdzcoficxqlefzww7ba