Are Various Forms of Locomotion-Speed Diverse or Unique Performance Quality?

Mile Cavar, Marin Corluka, Ivana Cerkez, Zoran Culjak, Damir Sekulic
<span title="2013-09-01">2013</span> <i title="Walter de Gruyter GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Journal of Human Kinetics</a> </i> &nbsp;
The forward-sprint is considered to be, and is regularly performed as, a unique measure of "on-ground" linearspeed performance. Thus far, no investigation has simultaneously studied different forms of linear-speed or investigated whether different forms of linear-speed should be observed as unique performance quality. The purpose of this study was to determine (I) the achievements (i.e. execution time), and (II) the reliability and inter-relationships between various linear-speed performances.
more &raquo; ... he participants were 42 male physical education students with substantial sport-specific backgrounds. We applied a total of six tests: three quadrupedal (supine backward, supine forward, and pronate backward locomotion) and three bipedal-performances (forward sprinting, backward sprinting, lateral shuffling). All of the tests showed appropriate reliability parameters (Cronbach Alpha ranged from 0.91 to 0.97; Inter-Item-R 0.78-0.92; Coefficient-of-Variation 1.3-9.1). The tests used in this study shared between 9% and 50% of the common variance. Our results suggest that different activities require activity-specific tests of linear-speed. This is particularly significant in those sports and activities in which quadrupedal locomotion patterns are highly important (wrestling, physically trained military services, law enforcement, fire and rescue, protective services).
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.2478/hukin-2013-0045</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:24235984</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmcid:PMC3827747</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:54wvhxoykzca5i5fq4cwghqm34</a> </span>
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