Atypical cutaneous features in a patient with adult-onset Still's disease

Woo Seong Jeong, Jinseok Kim, Sang Taek Heo, Jae Wang Kim, Jeong Rae Yoo
2020 The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine  
A 77-year-old woman with fever (39.5ºC) and skin rash who was previously healthy was admitted, except for hypertension. Physical examination revealed polymorphrous erythematous coalescent figurate edematous papular plaques of 3-week duration over the lower lumbar region (Fig. 1A ). Ten days prior, she reported symptoms of myalgia, arthralgia, and sore throat with fever. Following admission, she was examined for fever of unknown origin. Blood test results were as follows: white blood cell count,
more » ... e blood cell count, 21.8 × 10 3 /μL (4.0 to 10.0); erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 93 mm/hr (0 to 20); C-reactive protein, 18.86 mg/dL (0.00 to 0.30); ferritin, 1,675.56 ng/mL (4.63 to 204.00); aspartate transaminase, 116 IU/L (8 to 38); alanine aminotransferase, 102 IU/L (4 to 44); interleukin 6, 87.4 pg/ mL (≤ 7.0). Microbiological and autoimmune assays were unremarkable. On admission day, she underwent a lower abdominal region skin biopsy. On hospital day 6, the skin rash, high fever, and arthralgia were persistent, and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography revealed multiple lymph node enlargement and splenomegaly. Histology results showed lymphohistiocytic infiltration and multiple individual necrotic keratinocytes in the upper epidermis, stromal leukocytoclasia, dermal mucin deposition, and basal vacuolar alteration consistent with pathologic findings of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) (Fig. 2) . Following AOSD diagnosis, prednisolone 25 mg twice a day was started, and the myalgia, arthralgia, fever, skin rash, Figure 1. (A) Polymorphous erythematous coalescent figurate edematous papular plaques observed on the lower back at admission. (B) Positron emission tomography-computed tomography findings show multiple lymph node enlargements on the supraclavicular and paratracheal areas (white arrows). (C) A small amount of effusion and fluorodeoxyglucose uptake in the left pleura (white arrowhead).
doi:10.3904/kjim.2019.389 pmid:32229797 fatcat:6rlnrqsc2bfdjav6wjij7v2puq