INTERACTION OF BODIES AND SUBDIVISIONS OF THE NATIONAL POLICE OF UKRAINE WITH OTHER ENTITIES IN THE FIELD OF DRUG CRIME PREVENTION

Mykola Svirin, State Research Institute MIA, Maryna Davydova, National Academy of Internal Affairs of Ukraine
2020 NAUKA I PRAVOOKHORONA  
Print) ÍÀÓÊÀ ² ÏÐÀÂÎÎÕÎÐÎÍÀ NAUKA I PRAVOOKHORONA Issue 1(47) 2020 http://naukaipravoohorona.com/ DOI (Article): https: //doi.org/10.36486/np.2020.1(47) 315 ÓÄÊ 351.74(477):351.761 Ñâ³ð³í Ìèêîëà Îëåêñàíäðîâè÷, êàíäèäàò þðèäè÷íèõ íàóê, ñòàðøèé íàóêîâèé ñï³âðîá³òíèê, ãîëîâíèé íàóêîâèé ñï³âðîá³òíèê íàóêîâî-äîñë³äíî¿ ëàáîðàòî𳿠ÄÍIJ ÌÂÑ Óêðà¿íè, ì. Êè¿â, Óêðà¿íà, ORCID ²D 0000-0002-9443-7566 Äàâèäîâà Ìàðèíà Ìèêîëà¿âíà, àä'þíêò êàôåäðè êðèì³íîëî㳿 òà êðèì³íàëüíî-âèêîíàâ÷îãî ïðàâà Íàö³îíàëüíî¿ àêàäå쳿
more » ... ³îíàëüíî¿ àêàäå쳿 âíóòð³øí³õ ñïðàâ Óêðà¿íè, ì. Êè¿â, Óêðà¿íà, ORCID ID 0000-0002-6642-9681 DOI (Issue): https: //doi.org/10.36486/np.2020.1(47) Issue 1(47) 2020 ISSN 2072-8670 (Print) ÍÀÓÊÀ ² ÏÐÀÂÎÎÕÎÐÎÍÀ NAUKA I PRAVOOKHORONA Issue 1(47) 2020 http://naukaipravoohorona.com/ DOI (Article): https: //doi.org/10.36486/np.2020.1(47) 316 òà êðèì³íàëüíîãî ïðîöåñóàëüíîãî çàêîíîäàâñòâà, çàêîí³â Óêðà¿íè "Ïðî Íàö³îíàëüíó ïîë³ö³þ" [1], "Ïðî íàðêîòè÷í³ çàñîáè, ïñèõîòðîïí³ ðå÷îâèíè ³ ïðåêóðñîðè" [2], "Ïðî çàõîäè ïðîòè䳿 íåçàêîííîìó îá³ãó íàðêîòè÷íèõ çàñîá³â, ïñèõîòðîïíèõ ðå÷îâèí ³ ïðåêóðñîð³â òà çëîâaeèâàííþ íèìè" [3] òà ³í. Çã³äíî ç³ ñò. 3 Çàêîíó Óêðà¿íè "Ïðî çàõîäè ïðîòè䳿 íåçàêîííîìó îá³ãó íàðêîòè÷íèõ çàñîá³â, ïñèõîòðîïíèõ ðå÷îâèí ³ ïðåêóðñîð³â òà çëîâaeèâàííþ íèìè" ïðîòèä³þ íåçàêîííîìó íàðêîîá³ãó çä³éñíþþòü Íàö³îíàëüíà ïîë³ö³ÿ, Ñëóaeáà áåçïåêè Óêðà¿íè, Îô³ñ Ãåíåðàëüíîãî ïðîêóðîðà, ÖÎÂÂ, ùî ðåàë³çóº äåðaeàâíó ìèòíó ïîë³òèêó (Äåðaeàâíà ìèòíà ñëóaeáà Óêðà¿íè); ÖÎÂÂ, ùî ðåàë³çóþòü äåðaeàâíó ïîë³òèêó ó ñôåðàõ çàõèñòó äåðaeàâíîãî êîðäîíó (Äåðaeàâíà ïðèêîðäîííà ñëóaeáà Óêðà¿íè), îá³ãó íàðêîòèê³â, ïðîòè䳿 ¿õ íåçàêîííîìó îá³ãó, òà ³íø³ îðãàíè âèêîíàâ÷î¿ âëàäè â ìåaeàõ íàäàíèõ ¿ì çàêîíîì ïîâíîâàaeåíü [3]. Êîîðäèíàö³þ ä³ÿëüíîñò³ ñóá'ºêò³â çàïîá³ãàííÿ íåçàêîííîìó íàðêîîá³ãó, çàáåçïå÷åííÿ ¿õ åôåêòèâíî¿ âçàºìî䳿 ó ñòðàòåã³÷íèõ, îïåðàòèâíèõ ³ òàêòè÷íèõ íàïðÿìàõ ñë³ä â³äíåñòè äî ïåðåë³êó íàéâàaeëèâ³øèõ îðãàí³çàö³éíèõ çàñàä ó çàçíà-÷åí³é ñôåð³. Çã³äíî ç ÷èííèì çàêîíîäàâñòâîì òàêà êîîðäèíàö³ÿ ïîêëàäåíà íà ̳-í³ñòåðñòâî îõîðîíè çäîðîâ'ÿ Óêðà¿íè, ÿêå º ãîëîâíèì îðãàíîì ó ñèñòåì³ ÖÎÂÂ, ùî çàáåçïå÷óº ôîðìóâàííÿ òà ðåàë³çàö³þ äåðaeàâíî¿ íàðêîïîë³òèêè [4]. Âîäíî÷àñ âàaeëèâó ðîëü ùîäî êîîðäèíóâàííÿ ïðîòè䳿 òà çàïîá³ãàííÿ ïðàâîîõîðîííèìè îðãàíàìè íàðêîçëî÷èííîñò³ â³ä³ãðຠ³ ñèñòåìà îðãàí³â ïðîêóðàòóðè. Òàê, ó ïðîöåñ³ ðåàë³çàö³¿ ôóíêö³¿ ïðîêóðàòóðè ùîäî íàãëÿäó çà äîäåðaeàííÿì çàêîí³â îðãàíàìè, ùî ïðîâîäÿòü îïåðàòèâíî-ðîçøóêîâó ä³ÿëüí³ñòü, ä³çíàííÿ, äîñóäîâå ñë³äñòâî, Ãåíåðàëüíèé ïðîêóðîð, êåð³âíèêè â³äïîâ³äíèõ ïðîêóðàòóð êîîðäèíóþòü ä³ÿëüí³ñòü ïðàâîîõîðîííèõ îðãàí³â ó ñôåð³ ïðîòè䳿 çëî÷èííîñò³ øëÿõîì ïðîâåäåííÿ êîîðäèíàö³éíèõ íàðàä (÷. 2 ñò. 25 Çàêîíó Óêðà¿íè "Ïðî ïðîêóðàòóðó") [5]. Ó íàóêîâ³é ë³òåðàòóð³ ñóá'ºêò³â ïðîòè䳿 íåçàêîííîìó íàðêîîá³ãó ïîä³ëÿþòü íà: ì³aeíàðîäí³ îðãàíè òà îðãàí³çàö³¿; íàö³îíàëüí³ äåðaeàâí³ ³íñòèòóö³¿ öåíòðàëüíîãî, ðåã³îíàëüíîãî òà ì³ñöåâîãî ð³âí³â [6; 7, ñ. 274; 8]; íà ñóá'ºêò³â, ùî çä³éñíþþòü: çàïîá³ãàííÿ ïðàâîïîðóøåííÿì ó ñôåð³ íàðêîîá³ãó (ïðàâîîõîðîíí³ îðãàíè); ïîïåðåäaeåííÿ òà çàïîá³ãàííÿ çëîâaeèâàííþ íàðêîòèêàìè (ÌÎÇ Óêðà¿íè, Äåðaeàâíà ñëóaeáà Óêðà¿íè ç ë³êàðñüêèõ çàñîá³â òà êîíòðîëþ çà íàðêîòèêàìè (Äåðaeë³êñëóaeáà), ÌÎÍ Óêðà¿íè òà ³í.) [9]; îðãàíè äåðaeàâíî¿ òà âèêîíàâ÷î¿ âëàäè, ÖÎÂÂ, ùî ðåà-ë³çóº äåðaeàâíó ïîë³òèêó ó ñôåð³ íàðêîîá³ãó; îðãàíè ïðîêóðàòóðè; ï³äïðèºìñòâà òà óñòàíîâè, ä³ÿëüí³ñòü ÿêèõ ïîâ'ÿçàíà ³ç îá³ãîì íàðêîòèêîâì³ñíèõ ðîñëèí [10, ñ. 40]. Ñë³ä çàçíà÷èòè, ùî ó þðèäè÷í³é ë³òåðàòóð³ â³äñóòíÿ îäíîçíà÷íà õàðàêòåðèñòèêà âçàºìî䳿 ïðàâîîõîðîííèõ òà ³íøèõ äåðaeàâíèõ îðãàí³â ùîäî ïðîòè䳿 òà çàïîá³ãàííÿ çëî÷èíàì ÿê ì³aeãàëóçåâî¿ ïðàâîâî¿ êàòåãî𳿠[11, ñ. 338]. Òàê, Â.Ä. Ï÷îëê³í ï³ä âçàºìî䳺þ ïðîïîíóº ðîçóì³òè çàñíîâàíó íà ñï³ëüíîñò³ ö³ëåé ³ çàâäàíü, ïîãîäaeåíó çà ÷àñîì, ì³ñöåì ³ çì³ñòîì, âèçíà÷åíó çàêîíîäàâñòâîì ä³ÿëüí³ñòü êîìïåòåíòíèõ ñóá'ºêò³â ùîäî ðàö³îíàëüíîãî çàñòîñóâàííÿ íàÿâíèõ ñèë, çàñîá³â ³ ìåòîä³â äëÿ çàáåçïå÷åííÿ îõîðîíè ãðîìàäñüêîãî ïîðÿäêó òà ãðîìàäñüêî¿ áåçïåêè [12, ñ. 97]; Î.Ì. Øåâ÷óê -ïîáóäîâàíèé íà äåìîêðàòè÷íèõ çàñàäàõ, âçàºìíèé, óçãîäaeåíèé çà ÷àñîì, ì³ñöåì ³ çì³ñòîì çâ'ÿçîê ì³ae íå ìåíø ÿê äâîìà © Svirin Mykola, Davydova Maryna, 2020
doi:10.36486/np.2020.1(47).32 fatcat:fot7ldaxrvaarixu7f6ynjzm4i