Machine Learning for Materials Developments in Metals Additive Manufacturing [article]

N. S. Johnson, P. S. Vulimiri, A. C. To, X. Zhang, C. A. Brice, B. B. Kappes, A. P. Stebner
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In metals additive manufacturing (AM), materials and components are concurrently made in a single process as layers of metal are fabricated on top of each other in the near-final topology required for the end-use product. Consequently, tens to hundreds of materials and part design degrees of freedom must be simultaneously controlled and understood; hence, metals AM is a highly interdisciplinary technology that requires synchronized consideration of physics, chemistry, materials science,
more » ... metallurgy, computer science, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering. The use of modern machine learning approaches to model these degrees of freedom can reduce the time and cost to elucidate the science of metals AM and to optimize the engineering of these complex, multidisciplinary processes. New machine learning techniques are not needed for most metals AM development; those used in other sects of materials science will also work for AM. Most prolifically, the density functional theory (DFT) community has used many of them since the early 2000s for evaluating numerous combinations of elements and crystal structures to discover new materials. This materials technologies-focused review introduces the basic mathematics and terminology of machine learning through the lens of metals AM, and then examines potential uses of machine learning to advance metals AM, highlighting the many parallels to previous efforts in materials science and manufacturing while also discussing new challenges and adaptations specific to metals AM.
arXiv:2005.05235v1 fatcat:55w65jx5bjf6vk3o25zwp4wzbi